Basic Nutrition 101
The first thing you need to know about nutrition is that it's a science. That being said...
...what we believe to be true one day can change the next...with the publication of the latest scientific study. That's why nutritional advice can seem so confusing!
Any discussion of nutritious eating must include the 3 basic nutrients:
Chances are you've heard of these!
Well, just like you can put different kinds of fuel in your car (unleaded, premium unleaded), you can put different kinds of fuel in your body. Each of the nutrients fuels you in the form of calories:
Please note: Fat is twice as fattening as protein and carbs. (9 calories per gram for fat, 4 calories per gram for the others.)
This fact fueled the fat free craze of the 90's, when everyone was shunning fat and satisfying their urges by binging on boxes of fat free cookies in their desperate attempts to lose weight and satisfy their cravings.
Well we all know how well that didn't work! Fat free cookies still have calories, and even fat-free calories matter!
So here's a basic nutrition principle you need to remember:
Foods are grouped into one of 6 food groups...
...according to the balance of carbohydrate, protein and fat grams they contain. In other words, foods are classified based on the nutrition they provide. Foods in the same food group have a similar number of grams of carbohydrate, protein and fat.
When you read a food label, you can see just how many grams of each a particular food has.
Here's a summary of the each of the 6 food groups:
Starchy foods (grains) are composed primarily of carbohydrates, but still have small amounts of protein and trace amounts of fat.
There you have it...the ABCs of basic nutrition!
The Healthy Eating page.